In Austria, energy policy-making is not regulated through an established and institutionalised coordination mechanism. However, when important energy and/or climate relevant strategies and policies are developed at national level, representatives from the federal governments usually participate in such processes. Energy is a matter that is not only a legal responsibility of the national administration but also of the federal provinces. Theoretically, they may adopt their own energy-specific laws and decrees and develop energy policies independent from those at national level. In practice, their strategic approaches and measures are similar to the national ones, and sometimes even more ambitious. In addition, the 2,100 local authorities in Austria may also develop their own local energy policies and have to respect regional laws and decrees if they become relevant for the implementation of their policies. The implementation of energy efficiency measures at regional and local level is incentivised through subsidies schemes targeting, among others, local authorities, as well as through the energy efficiency obligation scheme obliging energy suppliers to implement energy efficiency measures in the end-use sector including local authorities.
Link to the Austrian Federal Government.
Best practice cases have been identified under the following topics:
- Institutional and legal setting
- Allocation of responsibilities
- Involvement of regional and local authorities
- Other coordination fora and energy networks
Here is the full report on European best practices for M&V schemes and coordination mechanisms